Being Safe - Grammar: Preposition & Modal Verbs

Words used in combining two words or phareses in a sentence. Expressing Modality using modal verbs

Learner's Guide

Motivation:

  • In a sentence, verbs and nouns are connected by prepositions .
  • In this session, we will learn about prepositions and how they help.
  • We will also learn about prepositions used before time related noun.

 

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What is preposition?

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Which of the following is correct?
  1. I run at the morning
  2. I run in the morning
  3. I run on the morning
  4. I run the morning
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Answer:

2. I run in the morning

 

"In" is used for expressing the interval of time or the noun which expresses interval of time.

 

Underline the preposition in following paragraph.
Tip: A preposition combines verb to noun or pronoun
Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given a human attribute. Human qualities are given to non-human things or ideas, for a better understanding the writer’s message. The literal meaning of the words should not be taken into consideration.
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Answer:

Personification is a figure of speech in which a thing, an idea or an animal is given a human attribute. Human qualities are given to non-human things or ideas, for a better understanding the writer’s message. The literal meaning of the words should not be taken into consideration.

 

 

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Modal Verbs:

 

Which of the following is correct way to show ability?
  1. I may play cricket.
  2. I can play cricket
  3. I should play cricket
  4. I will play cricket
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Answer:

I can play cricket

 

 

 

Fill in the blanks using would you or could you.
_____________________please close the door?
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Answer:

Could you please close the door?

Could is used while requesting.

 

Fill in the blanks using would you or could you.
_______________please open the window?
Show|Hide Answer

Answer:

Could you please open the window?

Could is used while requesting someone politely.

 

Fill in the blanks using would you or could you.
_______________mind going to the back bench?
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Answer:

Would you mind going to the back bench?

When we offer something, we use would.

Would is also used in impolite request or ordering.

 

Fill in the blanks using would you or could you.
________________please bring some water for me?
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Answer:

Could you please bring some water for me?

Please words shows politeness.

Could word is used to make a sentence polite.

 

Use the phrases could you or would you in the following situations with your friend.
Ask the policeman for directions.
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Answer:

Could you please tell me the direction to the library?

 

Whenever you ask something for yourself, you need to be polite.

In such cases, always use could.

 

Use the phrases could you or would you in the following situations with your friend.
You need to borrow your friend’s bike.
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Answer:

Could you please lend me your bike?

 

Here would be can also be used as you are asking your friend.

Would you mind me borrowing your bike?

 

But could word makes the sentence more polite.

 

Use the phrases could you or would you in the following situations with your friend.
You would need to exchange the book purchased.
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Answer:

Could you please exchange the science book for English book?

 

 

Use the phrases could you or would you in the following situations with your friend.
You want to open your classroom window
Show|Hide Answer

Answer:

Would you mind opening the classroom window?

 

Here you are requesting someone to do something for you which might affect that person too.

So would is best be used.

 

 

Tip: Think before answering.

  • Which of the following is/are correct?

    1. I run in morning hours
    2. I run at 7 AM
    3. I run on Sundays
    4. I run at morning hours
    Difficulty Level: Moderate
  • Correct the following sentence:

    "We celebrate non violence day at birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi"

    Difficulty Level: Easy

    "We celebrate non violence day on birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi"

  • "Can i come in ma'am?"

     

    Can you make above sentence more polite?

    Difficulty Level: Moderate

    "May i come in ma'am?"

    Using "may" and "should", we can be more polite.

  • Which modal verb is used in showing ability?

    1. may
    2. can
    3. could
    4. should
    Difficulty Level: Easy

    can.

    • I can play cricket
    • I can speak 2 languaged
    • I can run as fast as others.

     

  • If i appear for NEET exam, i may get good rank.

     

    Correct the above sentence.

    Difficulty Level: Hard

    If i appear for NEET exam, i might get good rank.

     

    May and might are used for 50-50 possibility.

    Might is used for hypothetical scenarios.

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