Requirement of measurement in our life. Measurement of length and different units of length. Error while measuring length.
Standard units of measurement. Measuring the length of curved line.
Measurement of volume for different matter state: Solid, Liquid and Gas. Measuring volume of objects with undefined shape.
Differentiating mass and weight. Units and measuring instruments of weight and time.
Understanding whether an object is moving or at rest. Defining motion and relative motion.
Different type of motion: linear, Curvilinear, Circular, Rotatory, Oscillatory, Zigzag or random, multiple motion, periodic, and non-periodic,
Measuring the motion in terms of slow and fast. Uniform and non uniform motions and examples.
Understanding Matter. Atom and Molecules as Constituents of matter. Different forms of matter: Solid, liquid, and Gases
Diffusion of liquid and gas. Compressibility of solid, liquid , and gas.
Defining pure and mixture matters. Listing the methods by which mixture of matter can be separated to individual ingredients.
Different methods of separating components of mixture: filtering, Sieving, Churning, Threshing, Winnowing, Handpicking, Magnetic Separation, Sedimentation, Filtration
Different methods used in separating clean water from mud-water mixture. Mixture of harmful components in food items.
Different types of organism and their home. Building block of organisms. Uni cellular and multicellular organisms.
Components of Food: Carbohydrates, Fats, Protein, Vitamins, Mineral, Water
Importance of Balanced diet, physical exercise, rest, and hygiene. Introduction to microorganisms and what are they made of?
What is heat? Different Sources of Heat and it's measurement. Defining temperature and It's measurement.
Effect of temperature on Heat Flow. Change in size due to heat.
Natural and Man made sources of Electricity. Difference between a electric cell and a battery. Difference between primary and secondary cells. Open and Closed electric circuit
Simple, Series and Parallel circuits. Conduction and Insulating material, Precautions to take while using electric appliances.
% amount of different gases in Air. Factors affecting the composition of air. Importance and uses of air.
Understanding cell in living organisms. Different Shapes and size of cells. Number of cells in human body.
Classification of cells into Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells. Difference between plant and animal cell.
Defining Organs system. Skeleton and Muscular organ systems for movement and protection.
Organ system for food circulation and waste removal from body.
Organ systems for internal and external body activity controls.
Discovery of magnet. Natural and artificial magnets. Different shapes of magnet. Identification of Magnetic and Non-Magnetic materials.
Poles in a magnet. Using poles to find the directions. Attraction and repulsive properties of magnet.
Activities responsible for destruction of magnetism. Storage process and uses of magnet. Bullet train and how does it work?
Uses of water in various activities. Sources of water. Evaporation, condensation, and precipitation processes of water cycle.
Useful and Unuseful water on earth. Why is it required to conserve water? Processes of conservation.
Understanding chemistry. Physical and chemical changes. Soap and detergent and how do they work. Fertilisers and their constituent. Organic and inorganic fertilizers and importance.
Different materials which are formed by combining two or more materials together.
Defining environment and ecosystem. Dependency of food between living beings. Transfer of energy from Sun to living beings.
Air, water, land, and noise pollution. Effect of pollution on environment. Management of polluting elements.
Plants as food. Spices: a taste enhancing plant product. Uses of plant in curing diseases.
Uses of plants in making clothes, Plants in construction and For beauty product.
How plants and animals help each other. Function of plants in stopping soil erosion, increasing soil fertility, as fuel and fertilizers.
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